|England||Contents||Information related to
all of Buckinghamshire
Towns & Parishes
"Buckinghamshire, or Bucks, an inland county of England, bounded on the North by Northamptonshire, East by Bedfordshire, Herts, and Middlesex, South by Surrey (for the distance of about 1 mile) and Berks, and West by Oxfordshire; greatest length, N. and S., 50 miles; greatest breadth, E. and W., 24 miles; average breadth, 17 miles; area 477,151 acres, population 176,323. It is intersected by the chalk range of the Chiltern Hills, which extend NE. from Oxfordshire to Bedfordshire, the highest point being Wendover Hill, 905 ft. The country here is beautifully wooded, chiefly with oak and beech. To the South there is much excellent grazing land. The fertile "Vale of Aylesbury" lies in the centre of the county, verdant with rich meadows and pasturage. Further North the heavy arable land is now being brought under steam cultivation, and excellent crops of wheat, beans, &c., are produced. Farms are generally of small size, and are leased on a yearly tenure. Pigs and calves are largely reared on the numerous dairy-farms, and great numbers of ducks are sent yearly to the metropolis from the neighbourhood of Aylesbury. The quantity of butter, besides cream cheese &c., send annually to market, averages between 4,000,000 and 5,000,000 lbs. The making of wooden spades, brush-handles, bowls, &c., from beech is a considerable industry. Numbers of the female population are employed in the manufacture of thread-lace and straw plaiting." [Bartholemew's Gazetteer of the British Isles, 1887]
In the earliest government census of 1801, there were 107,444 inhabitants recorded in Buckinghamshire of whom 52,094 were males and 55,350 females. Of this total 25,083 were employed in agriculture and 20,138 in trade, manufactures and handicrafts.
Census Year Population of Buckinghamshire males females 1801* 107,444 52,094 55,350 1811* 117,650 56,208 61,442 1821* 134,068 64,867 69,201 1831* 146,529 71,734 74,795 1841 155,983 76,482 79,501 1851 163,554 80,990 82,564 1861 167,993 83,023 84,970 1871 175,879 86,059 89,820 1881 176,323 86,840 89,483 1891 185,284 91,195 94,089 1901 197,046 96,486 100,560 1911** 219,551 107,326 112,225 1921** 236,171 113,979 122,192 1931** 271,586 132,490 139,096 1951** 386,291 188,457 197,834 1961** 488,233 240,810 247,423 1971** 587,559 291,132 296,427 1981** 567,979 280,465 287,514 1991** 632,487 311,662 320,825
* = No names were recorded in census documents from 1801 to 1831.
** = Census documents from 1911 to 2001 are only available in summary form. Names are witheld under the 100 year rule.
Microfilm copies of all census enumerators' notebooks for 1841 to 1901 are held at the Local Studies Libraries at Aylesbury and Milton Keynes, as well as centrally at the PRO. A table of 19th century census headcount by parish is printed in the VCH of Bucks, Vol.2, pp 96-101. See also on the Parish Pages below
Availability of census transcripts and indexes for the entire County.
- 1798 - Posse Comitatus (not strictly a census in the meaning of those listed below) it contains a list of men between the ages of 16 and 60 in Buckinghamshire, who would be available to take arms, and who were not already in the army. It also lists those who could provide horse and carts. The survey was conducted due to the fear that Napolean would iminently invade.
- 1851 - Full transcripts and indexes for Buckinghamshire are available on CD-ROM, hard copy and microfiche from the Buckinghamshire Family History Society.
- 1861 - Available on CD-ROM with advanced search and mapping capabilities etc. from the Buckinghamshire Genealogical Society.
- Available on CD-ROM from the Church of the Latter Day Saints, as part of the National 1881 Census Index.
- Available on CD-ROM for Buckinghamshire, with advanced search and mapping capabilities etc. from Drake Software.
- 1891 - Available on CD-ROM with advanced search and mapping capabilities etc. from the Buckinghamshire Genealogical Society.
See also, individual parish pages for further census details.
Details regarding availability of Parish Registers for a given location can be found listed under the appropriate parish page. These pages include details of the registers either at the Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies, or available as a transcript for purchase, or available for loan as part of a society library (society membership is usually required for the latter).
Both the Buckinghamshire Family History Society and the Buckinghamshire Genealogical Society maintain various databases of Parish Register events - please see their web sites for details of look-up services offered.
Certificates of birth, death and marriage can be obtained from the Superintendent Registrars at the following District Register Offices:
If ordering from a District Office, please note the following: (a) the cost of a certificate is currently (May 2003) £7.00 - send a Sterling cheque payable to the Superintendent Registrar plus return postage or two International Reply Coupons; (b) the St Catherine's Index references are of no value; (c) for marriage certificates, the precise place of marriage must be given; (d) Civil Registration in England and Wales began on July 1st 1837.
Buckinghamshire Registration Service have the own web pages.
The composition of the Civil Registration Districts in Buckinghamshire between 1st July 1837 and 31st March 1930
Abstracts of Buckinghamshire Feet of Fines (land conveyances) covering 1360-1509
There are a number of historic houses in Buckinghamshire which are open for the public to visit. The following web pages have details of the properties and their opening times etc.
- Metropolitan Poilcemen born in Buckinghamshire 1791 - 1868 have been published by the Buckinghamshire Family History Society
- Lists of Landholders who took the Oath of Allegiance and Quaker who affirmed 1723 - 1724, Registers of Estates of Roman Catholics 1717 - 1748 (Buckinghamshire Session Records Volume 1) have been published by the Buckinghamshire Family History Society
- County of Buckingham - Assize Records 1784 - 1855 have been published by the Buckinghamshire Family History Society
The following is a list of societies relating to Buckinghamshire local or family history, and which have an interest in the entire county. Socieities and groups which are for a specific location can be found under the relevant parish web pages.
N.B. This is in no way a complete gazeteer of Buckinghamshire, but is a list of the main Towns and Parishes.
If the place that you require is not in the list, then you could search for it in the GENUKI gazetteer:-
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